REAPER Preview Alpha 2 changelog

Gearing up for the official Alpha 2 release of REAPER Preview here is the change log and feature list:

<ul><li>REAPER Preview no longer loop-mounts suspect drives. All data is parsed directly from the raw disk. This not only faster, but we also do not need to worry about the issues talked about here.</li><li>Suspect disks are still set to read-only at the block level</li><li>Back-end is structured in a much more modular way. Programmers could easily insert a certain tool into the work-flow, if necessary</li><li>Preset automatic keyword searching</li><li>Preset automatic hashdb searching</li></ul>Front-End:
<ul><li>Whole code re-write. Front-end is now completely modular. Add or remove items with a simple include</li><li>Triage profiles supported! Will explain the concept of triage profiles in the next single</li><li>Greatly-improved Image/video gallery from Dynamic Drive implemented. The automatic image gallery I wrote was not powerful enough, and theirs is very nice. (Video previews are currently not working since the back-end switch).</li><li>Manual file-name and full disk keyword searching now available</li><li>Improved session logging (non-persistent)</li></ul>

~1 min read

Video Preview from Command Line with ffmpeg

Earlier I singleed about creating an animated preview gif from a given video. When using that method with a file list, ffmpeg would treat the file name as a data stream when read directly into the loop by piping the input file into the loop after done (see the first loop below). I like that method because it is easy, and uses ‘read’ which does not complain about spaces in file names.

You can read more about what I was trying to do here

The fix for the file-name-as-a-data-stream error is to dump each line of the input file into an array first. That is what I am doing below.
*Note: You have to set the IFS to something else if the file names have spaces

while read line; do
filenames=("${filenames[@]}" "$line")
done > $errorfile
if [ "$COUNTER" -eq "10000100" ]
echo "First 100 Thumbnails Generated: `date`" > $OUTPUT/videosdone

~1 min read

Video Screenshot Preview gif Built from Command-Line Linux

Edit: This version will produce errors when using a file list. See this single for a more reliable way.

I have been searching for a while for a way to create a video preview from the command line in Linux. Not just a simple screen shot, but an animated gif of screen shots throughout the video. My thinking is that a screen shot of a video at a random time may not look suspicious, but the next frame may be something illegal. Essentially for a video I would like to take 4 - 6 screen shots regardless of the duration, compile these into an animated gif, and display the preview.

First I have been looking at my options:
I am on Debian ‘Lenny’, and while vlc might look like a good option, the lenny release is stuck at 0.8.6. The newest release is 1.1.4 (I think), but in 0.8.6 the –start-time switch is ignored. I tried upgrading using sid, but ran into a bunch of problems and decided not to mess with it.

I looked into mplayer which created screen shots, but I could not easily find how to divide the duration into 6, and quickly take the snap shot at those times. Basically I just got a bunch of sequential snapshots, and when I put them together would make the video again. I could delete some in the middle to get the desired effect, but thought there had to be an easier way. Also mplayer gui always wanted to start, and I did not want that.

Finally ffmpeg - with ffmpeg and imagemagick I was able to get something similar to what I wanted.

First the ffmpeg line

ffmpeg -i $file -ss 120 -t 120 -r 0.05 -s 90x90 f%d.jpg

What this does is takes the input video file ‘$file’, starts at 2 minutes (-ss 120), runs for 2 minutes (-t 120), sets a very low frame rate (-r 0.05), re-sizes the preview to 90x90px (-s 90x90), and names all the output images f#.jpg (f%d.jpg). Rather than calculating the duration, making the frame rate low gives a similar effect. I will write duration calculation later.

So once we run that we have a directory full of *.jpg files. We need to roll them into one animated gif. For this I use imagemagick. I have seen a lot of people who are using gimp for this. I love gimp, but imagemagick is easier converting a bunch of jpgs to an animated gif.

convert -delay 100 -loop 0 f*.jpg $file.gif

adapted from here

This will group all the jpg files in a loop with approx a 1 second pause per image. Works a treat!

Here is the first preview I tested (have only tested with .ogm and .mp4 so far)
Video Screenshot Preview gif - FLCL

Here is my full bash script to do the processing. It takes a file name as an argument - the loop is to deal with file names with spaces.

echo "$1" | while read file
if [ -f "$file" ]; then
echo "Creating preview of $file"
ffmpeg -i "$file" -ss 120 -t 120 -r 0.05 -s 90x90 f%d.jpg
fn=$(echo ${file// /}) # Remove spaces in filename
convert -delay 100 -loop 0 f*.jpg $fn.gif
rm *.jpg
exit 0

2 min read

CarvFS on Mac OSx

A while ago I briefly used CarvFS on a linux system for testing. It was nice. Zero-storage carving can come in handy, especially when you are dealing with live CD systems. But installing on Mac would make experimentation and testing a bit more handy than running a VM. If you are reading this you might have had the experience of trying to compile CarvFS on Mac, have failed, and are stuck. Fear not!
Error when compiling on Mac
<blockquote>CMake Error at CMakeLists.txt:21 (MESSAGE):
No compatible (>= 1.0.0) version of libcarvpath found</blockquote>
First, a blog I really enjoy int for(ensic) blog has notes and downloads to install via Darwin ports. These can be found here:
*note - if you use the Darwin ports method he uses patches for libcarvpath, carvfs, and the ewf module that I do not use!

But me being stubborn, I don’t like to use Darwin ports since I can compile what I want 95% of the time. Welcome to the 5%. So looking at forensikblog’s port file you can see what you need to change. By the errors it looks like it is only a library file, but it is also a bit more. So here is my non-Darwin ports CarvFS tutorial:
<li>Install cmake:</li>
<li>Install FUSE:</li>
<li>Install libcarvpath:</li></ul><ul><li>Download and extract carvfs:</li></ul>
In the carvfs directory there is a ‘src’ sub-folder. Inside that replace the CMakeLists.txt file with this one [broken link, sorry]

Edit ‘carvfs.c’ where it says
to be
Then in the main carvfs directory run the command:
<div style="text-align: left;">cmake -DCMAKE_INCLUDE_PATH:PATH=/usr/local/include -DCMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH:PATH=/usr/local/lib -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH=/usr/local -DCMAKE_VERBOSE_MAKEFILE:BOOL=ON src</div>
If everything is ok, you will get a make file. Then you just do the standard ‘make && sudo make install’

Thanks again to int for(ensic) blog.

1 min read

SIMILE Timeplot graphing hours minutes seconds

All of the examples for SIMILE Timeplot are in YYYY/MM/DD format. I was wanting to plot data down to the minute/second. Looking around I found that the date format of the data (.txt) file should be ISO8601. I tried, but still had problems parsing the time part. Thanks to this blog I saw two problems I was having. First, the time format should be: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS. So a [time,data] file would look like [2009-02-12 15:10:00,23.407]

Next is with the index.html that loads the plot data. Look for the line

timeplot1.loadText(dataURL, " ", eventSource);

What I did not immediately recognize was that the “ “ bit is actually a field separator. So for comma separated values that line should be:

timeplot1.loadText(dataURL, ",", eventSource);

Once done everything worked as expected. SIMILE Timeplot and Timeline are great tools. Hope this saves you some research time.

~1 min read

SIMILE Widgets: Timeline and Timeplot Mac OSx Install

Looking around I just found the SIMILE project. I have been messing around with TSK’s fls and looking into log2timeline and think SIMILE widgets might be useful. I am singleing the install instructions here for future reference. The test machine is Mac OS X 10.5.8.

Ant is already installed on OS X, but if you want the newest version:
Download JUnit from here
Download Apache Ant from here

JUnit will be a .jar file. Move it into “/System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Versions/1.5.0/Home/lib/ext”

ant --version # Demonstrate builtin version
cd ~/Downloads # Let's get into your downloads folder.
tar -xvzf apache-ant-1.8.1-bin.tar.gz # Extract the folder
sudo mkdir -p /usr/local # Ensure that /usr/local exists
sudo cp -rf apache-ant-1.8.1-bin /usr/local/apache-ant # Copy it into /usr/local
# Add the new version of Ant to current terminal session
export PATH=/usr/local/apache-ant/bin:"$PATH"
# Add the new version of Ant to future terminal sessions
echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/apache-ant/bin:"$PATH"' >> ~/.profile
# Demonstrate new version of ant
ant --version

Make a working directory for timeline/timeplot:
mkdir ~/Documents/Timelines
cd ~/Documents/Timelines
Get timeline/timeplot from svn - really only need the trunk:
svn checkout
svn checkout

Now in both the working directories if you have JRE installed (default in Mac) then you can enter the trunk directory and type ./run
This will start a jetty webserver and you can access the time lines from a browser at address: (or timeplot) depending on which one you want to view.
The index.html file is in /src/webapp.

1 min read